The muscles of the facial expressions are innervated by the facial nerve therefore an injury that affects it, could provoke a paralysis of one half of the face. Facial expression is crucial for interpersonal relationships, making permanent facial paralysis a very significant after effect for a patient.
The reconstruction of the paralysed face is fundamental to achieve a natural expression, an emotional smile and adequate ocular protection. Numerous surgical techniques exist aimed to achieve these objectives and are applied by electing the most adequate in each case. The after care of a rehabilitation program is fundamental to achieve the best results.