The temporomandibular joint is formed by the temporal bone of the cranium and the highest part of the jaw (condyle). It also contains an intra-articular meniscus and a ligament and muscle system which allows it to work. This is a very complex joint which is able to carry out many types of movements.
The affectation of its components can make room for the appearance of symptoms which are very incapacitating for the patients, such as preauricular and inner ear pain, head and neck pain, clicking or noises in the joints, reduction of the mouth opening etc.
Diverse treatments exist for joint disorders which range from conservative measures with mouth guards and physiotherapy to open surgery of the joint in the more serious cases. The Arthrocentesis and Arthroscopy are minimally invasive techniques which improve the symptoms in patients with this pathology.
The different treatments are applied in each case after an individual evaluation using the medical history and the technical imaging.